What You Need to Know About Evaporative Cooler Installation

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There are many benefits to using an evaporative cooler (also known as swamp coolers). Some models of evaporative coolers require very little installation. They use less energy than air conditioners so you'll save money on your utility bill. Also, they are not ozone depleting since they don't operate with CFCs and HCFCs. Some electric companies will even provide rebates and certain states offer tax incentives for evaporative cooler installation. The savings you'll receive from these incentives and rebates can easily make up for the cost of buying one. Evaporative coolers are relatively inexpensive when compared to traditional air conditioners, some models sell for under $100!

In this article you'll learn about the different kinds of evaporative coolers and their installation requirements, how much easier installation is for a portable evaporative cooler, how to use a swamp cooler after installation and how to clean and maintain one.

Types of Evaporative Coolers and Installation Required

There are a few different types of evaporative coolers and installation varies for each. Three of the types of evaporative coolers and the installation they require are down-draft (mounted on the roof), up-draft (mounted on the ground), and side-draft (mounted on an eave or window). With these types of swamp coolers installation may be very extensive including difficult ductwork, framing the unit in walls and ceilings, and they can be difficult to reach when you need to perform maintenance. If you choose any one of these evaporative cooler installation options, you'll need to refer to a professional, which could be costly.

However, if you don't want the hassle of complicated evaporative cooler installation there is another type of swamp cooler with very little installation required. These are portable evaporative coolers and you basically just have to plug them in. Easy as that!

Evaporative Cooler Installation - 4 Very Easy Steps

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For those of you that want a little more detailed information about portable evaporative cooler installation, let me just break it down for you into 4 very easy but specific steps.

  1. Take the evaporative cooler out of the carton and remove all protective coverings.
  2. Place the evaporative cooler in front of an open window. Please note that it is very important that the evaporative cooler be installed near a source of fresh air. Your unit will not work properly if it is not.
  3. For the next step in evaporative cooler installation you'll need to put water into the unit so that the special pads can become moist. Usually when people have problems with evaporative cooler installation it's because the pads aren't moistened properly. Refer to the user manual to locate where you need to fill the unit. For faster cooling you can even add ice cubes in with the water.
  4. The last step in your evaporative cooler installation is to plug the unit into a power source and switch on. You might need to wait a few minutes for the pads to absorb enough water.
That's it! You're done installing you portable swamp cooler!

What You Need to Know When Using Your Evaporative Cooler

After the simple evaporative cooler installation now you're ready to use it, which is just as easy. Different portable units have different settings so it's important that you read the user manual provided by the manufacturer. Some models even come with remote controls making operation very straightforward and easy.

  1. Power (on/off) - the very first thing you'll want to do is switch the unit on (most models have an indicator light that lets you know when the cooler is on or off).
  2. Fan speed (airflow) - now you'll want to adjust how much airflow your evaporative cooler produces. Most models have multiple fan speeds so you can choose which speed is best for your home and adjust it depending on the temperature outside.
  3. Swing - this will direct the air stream and louvers will begin to move automatically from side to side.
  4. Cooler - with evaporative coolers you can have them just operate as fans or you can turn the cooler on which will pump the cold air from the pad through the fan and into the room.
  5. Timer - most models come with a timer that you can program as desired for different times depending on the model.

Good Safety Tips to Follow

  • Some units are intended for indoor use only and any other use can be a safety hazard, which will void your warranty with most manufacturers. Check the user manual to make sure the model is for both indoor and outdoor use.
  • Unplug units when filling and refilling water reservoirs and also when cleaning, moving or servicing.
  • Don't leave the unit unattended for an extended period of time while it is in operation.
  • Do not use air fresheners or cleaners in the reservoir water as these may be damaging to the unit.

Cleaning and Maintaining Your Evaporative Cooler

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It's easy to clean your evaporative cooler, you just need to dampen a clean cloth with water and wipe down dirt and dust from the exterior of the unit. Don't use any type of cleaners or chemicals on the unit. When you're not using your evaporative cooler you should drain the water reservoir and store the unit in a dry place that is out of sunlight.

To maintain your evaporative cooler for better performance you only need to do a few things. You should drain the water reservoir at least once a week to prevent mineral build-up and extend the life of the pad. Calcium build-up can easily be removed by simply wiping down the inside and outside of the unit. The dust filter should be removed and cleaned at least once a week and the water reservoir can be cleaned just one or two times a season.

Now that you know about all the great benefits of owning an evaporative cooler and how easy evaporative cooler installation is you can start browsing the different models at Air Conditioner Home and choose one that best fits your cooling needs.

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